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OBJECTIVES To comprehensively assess the effect of a living will on end-of-life care. Included studies were conducted in adults with and without living wills.

An example of such an institution is the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry IFPI , which was set up in , and , as a major turning point in video technology, is the year of amendment of the Berne Convention and the Geneva Phonograms Convention. Piracy is now more widespread than ever with the use of the internet as the primary access and delivery point. The problem is an age old irony in the law that facilitates the perpetuation of this behaviour by allowing the sale and supply of recording and copying equipment but do not permit reproduction for a purpose other than that permitted by the owner of the intellectual property right.

Aside from this, it is however clear that motives for piracy differ greatly. On the one hand, there is the average individual seeking to save the cost of the product on the high street.

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On the other hand, organised crime, at the serious end of the scale, represents far higher dangers than the mere placement of the music and video industry into a position of lost profits that jeopardise future film production. The piracy concept, whose illegality is not entirely clear to hardliners who resent the profits of record labels, becomes more than obvious when taken into consideration with the dangers of organised crime. This clearly designates piracy as a global danger that increases the financial capabilities of terrorists. There are three main types of piracy distribution via the internet.

The first in the web file transfer protocol ftp , which is the process of creating a link-up to the site address that plays pirated music when accessed. Such files can only be accessed or played when the there is a link-up to the net but with the advent of broadband, the disadvantages of this were effectively eradicated on account of ability to access without disruption to the phone line.

The creation of unlimited access subscription, together with faster download speeds, solved the problem of limitations and periodic buffering that interrupted free flow of real-time file transfers. A second method of illegal distribution is that of the more damaging, illegal music providers, such as free download sites that generated revenue from separate advertising enticed by the huge volumes of traffic through their sites.

These often contained huge databases of music that were easily downloadable. Similarly, P2P network up-loaders actively supply music and DVDs on their own sites for the benefit of others to download. Finally there is the medium of hard copy CD-R distribution. Litigation records also show that the vast majority of raids and lawsuits are carried out against the more regular form of pirate operations where tangible mediums are created for the black market.

Further to this, despite clear requirements for effective remedies to act as a deterrent to the practice of copyright infringement, the overwhelming cost of seizure and destruction of pirated goods is inhibiting to the cause. It may at first seem that such activities are not in keeping with the analysis of the internet as a medium that possibly hinders or facilitates the control of this crime.

However, it must be remembered that the internet as a medium of electronic transmission is an ideal way in which crime syndicates can transmit entire albums, instantaneously overseas, in order for foreign operations to manufacture thousands of copies of their own.

Are downloads really killing the music industry? Or is it something else?

As well as the process of instantaneous transmission facilitated by email attachments for the purpose of sending music to be distributed in CD-R form, piracy that is facilitated by the internet phenomena differs profoundly from the more traditional methods of piracy distribution on account of its intangible counterpart.

The first reason is the simple fact that there is instant access from the comfort of ones own home to remote files. Prior to the internet, those who sought pirate copies of videos and cassettes had to physically seek the distributors whereas, until the enforcement of copyright laws in the internet in , they were effectively more readily available than legal high street mediums.

Ease of access led to a huge slump in media revenue in and The second reason for the profound difference between internet and analogue piracy is that, old considerations of the analogue mediums such as, poor quality, illegal video cassettes that spoil your viewing pleasure, are no longer an issue as digital reproduction from the internet is capable of producing perfect copies of both movies and music.

This is however more a result of the digital era as opposed to the internet, when coupled with the concept that a single track, when uploaded, has a global reach, it becomes clear that the internet, as a world-wide medium for the distribution of near perfect reproductions, which is a highly dangerous tool that greatly hinders control of the crime of piracy. There are four international treaties that currently protect the interests of copyright owners. The first is the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works that is administered by the WIPO and is the main protector of rights of authors and composers to authorise or prohibit reproduction, widespread communication and adaptation of their works.

Secondly, the Rome Convention for the Protection of Performers, Producers of Phonograms and Broadcasting Organisations is the treaty that protects the record producers themselves by creating rights for payment for the broadcast of products under their labels. The third general international provision is that of the Universal Copyright Convention UCC which also protects authors and other copyright proprietors against unauthorised reproduction. The treaty also provides for a right to authorise or prohibit commercial rental of works and also sets out detailed requirements relating to enforcement such as the requirement for remedies and procedures that adequately deter piracy.

The Geneva Convention for the Protection of Producers of Phonograms Against Unauthorised Duplication of their Phonograms the Geneva Phonograms Convention, came into force in and was created to combat the increasing phenomena of music piracy. It is more in tune with traditional methods of distribution, such as unauthorised import and distribution but the internet acts as a potential way round this by facilitating electronic transmission. There are two WIPO Copyright Treaties which are specifically drafted for the purpose of bringing copyright theft regulation into the digital age and therefore merit the greatest attention.

The main rights granted extend the copyright theft notion to distributions of computer programs, unauthorised internet use and the protection of electronic methods of protection such as locked documents that hinder ability to remove or alter programs. Unauthorised distribution of media products was always illegal on account of the above international treaties and saw a concerted effort on the part of IFPI after a slow reaction by governments to react to the obvious drop in record sales that became greatly exasperated by increased technological capabilities of broadband in the downloading of music and video files.

Since , there has been a huge increase in internet piracy prosecutions, which are a direct result of the work of international organisations representing the cause. Further to this, a number of initiatives, designed to curtail public use of pirate services, have also been implemented across the world. The IFPI is an organisation that was set up by the International Standards Organisation ISO in order to represent the recording industry in over 75 countries that contain nearly record labels. Among its priorities is the specific focus to concentrate on the prosperity of the recording industry in the new digital era.

In order to achieve this objective, its activities include, anti-piracy enforcement, government lobbying to the cause and litigation against copyright thieves. This awareness campaign, which was targeted at Spanish universities, aided in teaching educational institutions of the dangers of transmitting copyright material.

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Rinse rice. If using wild rice, place the rice in the saucepan and add 4 cups of water, along with the salt. Bring to a boil over high heat and then lower heat to a slow simmer. Cover the pan. Cook at a simmer for minutes, stirring occasionally. Check the rice for a chewy and cooked consistency. Drain the wild rice of any remaining liquid and fluff with a fork. Set aside. If using a brown rice blend or regular brown rice, follow the cooking instructions on the package. Cook until most of the liquid has reduced, about 5 minutes.

Add in the half of the scallions, cooking for 1 minute. Reduce heat to medium-low and add flour, lightly coating the kimchi and allowing it to get clumpy.

While stirring, slowly add the warm milk into the pan to form a roux. Keep stirring and allow roux to thicken. Turn off heat and add in the grated cheese, stirring until melted. Add cooked or frozen corn, and salt and pepper to taste. Gently fold in rice. Pour mixture into greased dish or leave in the cast iron. Put in the oven for minutes until bubbly hot. Turn oven to broil. Broil until top browns slightly, about 3 minutes. Serve garnished with the rest of the green onions. Notes: This recipe is fabulous with hearty nutty Minnesota wild rice, but brown rice and brown rice blends work well also!

Make sure to follow the recommended cooking instructions for the rice you use. To cook corn on the cob, drop the corn into a large pot filled with boiling salted water. Cover the pot and let the water return to a boil again, then turn off the heat and keep the pot covered for 5 minutes. Remove ears, let them cool and then carefully cut corn kernels off the cob. You can also use canned or frozen corn. In a cocktail shaker, add a handful of ice plus all of the ingredients.

Shake, strain, and pour into 2 glasses with a few ice cubes. Serve with your favorite Bloody Mary garnishes. Add oil in a cast iron or non-stick skillet over medium high heat. Spread an even layer of kimchi on the skillet. Cook and stir for 5 to 6 minutes. Remove from pan. Wipe off skillet with a paper towel. In a small bowl, smash the avocado with a fork. Add a dash of lemon juice, and salt and pepper to taste.

Mix well.

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Spread half of the smashed avocado on half of a tortilla. Heat skillet over medium high heat. Place the tortilla avocado side up on the skillet. Carefully add half of the kimchi mixture and green onions over the avocado. Lastly add cheese and fold the tortilla over like an omelette with a spatula. Press down lightly with the spatula.

After minutes, once the tortilla is lightly browned, flip quesadilla to the other side. Cook for another minute or so. Each side of the tortilla will be nicely browned. Repeat the same process with the other tortilla. Cut into triangles and enjoy! In a large bowl, toss together first 9 ingredients expect bread and spinach to combine thoroughly. Lightly toast bread in a toaster.

Layer spinach on a slice of bread. Spoon on half the tuna mixture over spinach. Add second slice of bread to complete sandwich. Repeat to make the second sandwich. Cut sandwich in half and enjoy with your favorite healthy side. Notes: Kimchi tuna salad without the bread can be refrigerated in an airtight container for 3 days.

To make this recipe dairy free, either use dairy free cheese or omit the cheese all together, and use vegan mayo. Drain kimchi for 3 minutes in a colander. Squeeze out excess moisture with your hand. Then chop the kimchi. Pulse the first 8 pot sticker ingredients in the food processor. The goal is to mix all of the ingredients quickly without overworking it.

Once everything is well mixed, store in the fridge while prepping wrappers. Keeping the wonton wrappers covered with a damp towel or plastic wrap, work with wrappers at a time and set out a small bowl of water. Spoon 1 tablespoon of the pork mixture into the center of each wrapper.

Using your finger, rub the edges of the wrappers with a little water. Then fold the pot sticker using any of the following methods: Fold wrapper in half over the filling to create triangle. Using a fork, press down on the edges to crimp and seal the pot sticker Fold wrapper in half over the filling to create triangle. Add a little water to 2 of the triangle tips, bring them together tightly and press to seal. Hold the pot sticker in the palm of your hand, with the other hand press 2 opposite tips together above the filling then the other 2 opposite tips together.

Press seams together to seal the pot sticker. This method creates the shape of a package or star. Heat vegetable oil in a large skillet over medium heat. Add pot stickers in a single layer and cook until golden and crisp, about minutes. If pot stickers are difficult to remove from the pan, add tablespoons of water to loosen them up and remove.

Notes: To freeze, place prepared but uncooked pot stickers in a single layer on a baking sheet in the freezer overnight. Transfer to freezer bags. To reheat, brown for minutes, then add water and steam for minutes until filling is cooked. Cut one open to check doneness.

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You Betcha Kimchi is a Minnesota grown business started by Iman Mefleh and Joe Silberschmidt, a young vibrant couple with a passion for bold fermented flavors and sustainable agriculture. These entrepreneurs began with the vision of a tasty Minnesotan take on kimchi using all locally grown, organic veggies. The project quickly outgrew its pot and as You Betcha grew, so did its partnerships with local farmers. After a year of growing the veggies themselves, Iman and Joe now work directly with Minnesota and Wisconsin organic farms and this direct sourcing allows them to ensure the highest quality ingredients and lend the fullest possible support to local farmers.

You Betcha Kimchi is proud of their product and hand-make each and every batch themselves. Kimchi is a Korean dish and it is used there as a condiment or side with almost every meal. While cabbage is usually the base, there are hundreds of varieties of kimchi with bases from radishes to watermelon rinds. Our recipe is tailored to the Minnesotan palate and growing climate.

We use raw, fermented cabbage, radish, carrots, onion, garlic, ginger and chilies. We often describe You Betcha Kimchi as Korean sauerkraut. We use it as a condiment on almost everything, though it does go great as a side salad or post-meal digestive aid. We use all organically grown vegetables in our kimchi. The vegetables are chopped and then fermented in a salt water brine for about a week. Because the vegetables are submerged in this brine, it creates an anaerobic environment for certain bacteria lactobacillus to thrive which are the fermenting agents.

The process of fermentation gives kimchi its sour flavor, yet no vinegar is used!

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Once the kimchi is fermented, we pack it into jars and refrigerate them to slow down the fermentation process. For the love of Pete, that juice is super healthy and super tasty.

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And the juice also makes an amazing Bloody Mary mixer, smoothie add-in, marinade, and salad dressing. Kimchi should be refrigerated upon purchase do not wait until you open it to preserve the taste and prevent any spoiling. When we ferment the kimchi, we keep a close eye on it to make sure all the vegetables are submerged under the weights and brine.

You may be a fermenter yourself, but to stay on the safe side, please keep our product refrigerated. Properly refrigerated, it will last for at least one year in the fridge. Not only are there many healthy organic vegetables in there packed with a variety of vitamins and minerals, the raw fermentation creates loads of probiotic bacteria which are essential for a healthy digestive system and overall wellness.

Here at You Betcha Kimchi, we feel great. Iman grew up fermenting and cooking with her Lebanese grandmother. The love of science-y food stuck and after reading many a-book and being told by a doctor that she needed to be eating more probiotics and less dairy, she branched from yogurt and labneh into sauerkrauts, kombucha, kimchi, miso, and more.

Though kimchi is as varied as the people who make it, we know ours is certainly not the most traditional recipe. Looking for authentic Korean kimchi? We are proud to hand make every batch there alongside many amazing local food and farmer entrepreneurs. We try to produce as much kimchi as possible while local vegetables are in season because there is just no substitute for fresh, local vegetables even, or especially, though we ferment them. We are always working to expand our network of local, organic farms and know how important it is to support local economies and good environmental stewardship.

We believe our price is extremely competitive given the caliber of our kimchi and encourage our customers to compare us with any other brands at the co-op or farmers markets.

You Betcha Kimchi is as much a mission as it is a business. We founded this company as a means to support local Minnesota agriculture. We use the finest organic ingredients because it makes the best product and supports hardworking local farmers who deserve it. We are proud of that and have no intention of doing anything less. And finally, kimchi is expensive to make, period. That said, we also grew up in families with budgets and try to make our kimchi as efficiently as possible to keep the price available to everyone. Oh heck yep. If you wash them out first and peel off the label, double points which could very well earn you the highest of fives.

We sanitize returned jars and reuse them. Unfortunately we do not extend our return discount to stores, so you have to come see us face-to-face! Short answer: no. You Betcha Kimchi is local by design. We use all local veggies and distribute only in the upper Midwest. Cabbage grows just about everywhere so we encourage you to find a local fermenter near you. Well heck, let us and them know and hopefully we can change that! Maybe you noticed a change in the heat level. Chilies are notorious variable and so using the same amount of the same variety of chili can sometimes produce two notably different heats.

And really, the naturally occurring bacteria are in charge here, we just try to make them happy.

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Lactobacilli, you wild stallions! But variety is the spice of life and kimchi is also the spice of life, so is kimchi life? We think so. Oh great, same-sies!